Posteado por: LizardQueen88 | marzo 24, 2008

Questionnaire 1

  • Look for two or more definitions of Human Language Technologies by scholars or relevant sites on the Web. Please, quote the authors properly.
    • Human Language Technology (HLT) makes it easier for people to interact with machines. This can benefit a wide range of people – from illiterate farmers in remote villages who want to obtain relevant medical information over a cellphone, to scientists in state-of-the-art laboratories who want to focus on problem-solving with computers.

Marelie Davel (Meraka Institute) 2007: http://www.meraka.org.za/humanLanguage.htm 

  •  
    • human language technology, such as our domain-independent and customisable named entity recogniser, for automatic content annotation and indexing in two digital library applications. Each of these applications posed a unique challenge: one required adapting the language processing components to the non-standard written conventions of 18th century English, while the other presented the challenge of processing material in multiple modalities. This reusable technology could also form the basis for the creation of computational tools for the study of cultural heritage languages, such as Ancient Greek and Latin.

-Research and Advanced Technology for Digital Libraries, 01 de enero de 2002: http://www.springerlink.com/content/drtjr092ejyk1eyk/

  •  What can you find out about Hans Uszkoreit? Position, vitae, most relevant projects and publications.

Hans Uszkoreit is Professor of Computational Linguistics at Saarland University. At the same time he serves as Scientific Director at the German Research Center for Artificial Intelligence (DFKI) where he heads the DFKI Language Technology Lab. By cooptation he is also Professor of the Computer Science Department. 

Uszkoreit studied Linguistics and Computer Science at the Technical University of Berlin and the University of Texas at Austin. During his time in Austin he also worked as a research associate in a large machine translation project at the Linguistics Research Center.  In 1984 Uszkoreit received his Ph.D. in linguistics from the University of Texas. From 1982 until 1986, he worked as a computer scientist at the Artificial Intelligence Center of SRI International in Menlo Park, Ca. During this time he was also affiliated with the Center for the Study of Language and Information at Stanford University as a senior researcher and later as a project leader. In 1986 he spent six months in Stuttgart on an IBM Research Fellowship at the Science Division of IBM Germany. In December 1986 he returned to Stuttgart to work for IBM Germany as a project leader in the project LILOG (Linguistic and Logical Methods for the Understanding of German Texts). During this time, he also taught at the University of Stuttgart.

In 1988 Uszkoreit was appointed to a newly created chair of Computational Linguistics at Saarland University and started the Department of Computational Linguistics and Phonetics. In 1989 he became the head of the newly founded Language Technology Lab at  DFKI. He has been a co-founder and principal investigator of the Special Collaborative Research Division (SFB 378) “Resource-Adaptive Cognitive Processes” of the DFG (German Science Foundation). He is also co-founder and professor of the “European Postgraduate Program Language Technology and Cognitive Systems”, a joint Ph.D. program with the University of Edinburgh.

Uszkoreit is Permanent Member of the International Committee of Computational Linguistics (ICCL), Member of the European Academy of Sciences, Past President of the European Association for Logic, Language and Information, Member of the Executive Board of the European Network of Language and Speech, Member of the Board of the European Language Resources Association (ELRA), and serves on several international editorial and advisory boards.  He is co-founder and Board Member of XtraMind Technologies GmbH, Saarbruecken, acrolinx gmbh, Berlin and Yocoy Technologies GmbH, Berlin. Since 2006, he serves as Chairman of the Board of Directors of the international initiative dropping knowledge.

His current research interests are computer models of natural language understanding and production, advanced applications of language and knowledge technologies such as semantic information systems, cognitive foundations of language and knowledge, grammar formalisms and their implementation, syntax and semantics of natural language and the grammar of German.

 Recent publications:

  • Uszkoreit, H. (2007) Methods and Applications for Relation Detection. In: Proceedings of the Third IEEE International Conference on Natural Language Processing and Knowledge Engineering, Beijing, 2007.
  • Uszkoreit, H. F. Xu, W. Liu (2007) Challenges and Solutions of Multilingual and Translingual Information Service Systems, To appear in Proceedings of HCI International 2007, 12th International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction, Beijing, 2007.
  • Uszkoreit, H., F. Xu, Weiquan Liu, J. Steffen, I. Aslan, J. Liu, C. Müller, B. Holtkamp, M. Wojciechowski (2007)
    A Successful Field Test of a Mobile and Multilingual Information Service System COMPASS2008. In Proceedings of HCI International 2007, 12th International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction, Beijing, 2007.
  • Xu F., H. Uszkoreit, H. Li (2007) A Seed-driven Bottom-up Machine Learning Framework for Extracting Relations of Various Complexity, To appear in: Proceedings of ACL 07, Annual Meeting of the Association of Computational Linguistics, Prague 2007.
  • Frank, A., H.-U. Krieger, F. Xu, H. Uszkoreit, B. Crysmann, B. Jörg, U. Schäfer (2007): Question Answering from Structured Knowledge Resources. In: Journal of Applied Logic, Volume 5, Issue 1, March 2007, Pages 20-48

-Universität des Saarlandes, Hans Uszkoreit webpage:  http://www.coli.uni-saarland.de/~hansu/bio.html

  • Select up to three European research centres for Human Language Technologies.
  1.  Edimburgh Language Technology Group (LTG)
  2. Language Technology Documentation Centre (Finland)
  3. National Centre for Language Technology (NCLT)

 


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